In this Saturday, Aug. 29, 2015 photo provided by Egypt's state news agency MEAN, Eni CEO Claudio Descalzi, third left, and his delegation meet with Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, center, and an Egyptian delegation, in Cairo, Egypt. The Italian energy company Eni SpA announced Sunday, Aug. 30, 2015, it has discovered a "supergiant" natural gas field off Egypt, describing it as the "largest-ever" found in the Mediterranean Sea. Eni said the discovery â€” made in its Zohr prospect "in the deep waters of Egypt" â€” could hold a potential 30 trillion cubic feet of gas over an area of 100 square kilometers (38.6 square miles). (MEAN via AP)
CAIRO — The discovery of a huge natural gas field off the Egyptian coast is a major boon for the country that will help alleviate energy shortages and boost the economy, experts said Monday.
The new "supergiant" offshore field revealed a day earlier by Italy's Eni SpA and billed as the "largest-ever" found in the Mediterranean Sea could alleviate the Arab world's most populous nation's need for gas imports, they said.
The latest discovery represents about half of Egypt's current gas needs, and will cut its trade deficit and help bring in tax revenue when it comes online in some five years, said Angus Blair of investment advisory firm Signet.
"It's a very useful positive economic factor in Egypt," he said. "Obviously it will help President (Abdel-Fattah) el-Sissi and the government, but to look at it very practically, and economically, it has just come at a very good time."
Egypt is making a gradual economic recovery from the years of chaos since a 2011 uprising toppled longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak. Rolling power cuts have been a regular feature of life as the country has been ruled by the military, an Islamist president and then a military-backed government.
This summer, however, Cairo has been largely spared the power cuts. El-Sissi, has staked his legitimacy on fixing the economy, and has made energy projects a priority. Last March, authorities signed a $4.6 billion contract with Germany's Siemens AG to build a new 4.4-gigawatt power plant in southern Egypt and generate 2 gigawatts of wind power.
Combined with other agreements signed with Siemens, and the U.S. firm General Electric, Cairo hopes that it could boost its electricity generation capacity by a third.
Given the country's surging population of 90 million, growing at over two percent per year, Egypt desperately needs new energy sources. Until Eni's discovery, that would have had to be imported from the Gulf and neighboring Israel.
That, however, now seems increasingly unlikely, given that the field, if confirmed to contain the 30 trillion cubic feet Eni says it does, would fill the country's supply-demand gap and be twice the size of Israel's recently discovered Leviathan field.
"Egypt will not need to import gas from Israel, and it might be able to restart some gas exports," said Robin Mills, a non-resident fellow for energy at the Brookings Doha Center.